ESCAP 2015 Madrid KEYNOTE ABSTRACT
TV interview, original KEYNOTE presentation and abstract by professor Jan K. Buitelaar (Donders Institute / Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands) on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorders, held at the ESCAP 2015 Congress in Madrid, Sunday June 21st 2015 (S5).
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorders (ADHD) are neuropsychiatric developmental disorders that frequently co-occur (Rommelse et al., 2010). The frequent comorbidity of both disorders is likely due to substantial overlap in genetic factors, cognitive dysfunctions, and functional and structural brain characteristics between ASD and ADHD (Rommelse et al., 2011). Both disorders are also hypothesized to share a common precursor, i.e. early deficits in executive attention (Johnson et al., 2015). This lecture will review the evidence for shared and unique genetic, cognitive and neural factors that are involved in ASD and ADHD and will argue that ADHD and ASD may be both manifestations of one overarching neurodevelopmental disorder. The last part of the lecture will discuss clinical implications of this view and outline further approaches for research, including intervention and prevention.
'Talking Twin Babies' – video shown by Jan Buitelaar at his Madrid keynote lecture: